12. Narration

(966). (a) He said, “I am going to school.” (b) He said (that) he was going to school.
(967). (a) Smith said to John, “You are right.” (b) Smith said to John that John was right.
(968). (a) Father said to me, “The sun rises in the east.” (b) Father told me that the sun rises in the east.
(969). (a) The teacher said, “America was discovered by Columbus in 1492.” (b) The teacher said (that) America was discovered by Columbus in 1492.
(970). (a) He said, “I am happy and I am contented.” (b) He said that he was happy and that he was contented.
(971). (a) The lady said, “I was healthier when a girl.” (b) The lady said (that) she had been (or was) healthier when a girl.
(972). (a) She said, “He returned from Pusan three days ago and has left for Mokpo.” (b) She said that he had returned from Pusan three days before and had left for Mokpo.
(973). (a) Kim says, “I shall recover.” (b) Kim says (that) he shall recover.
(974). (a) She said, “I will do this by all means.” (b) She said she would do that by all means.
(975). (a) Our teacher said to us, “You must do your duty.” (b) Our teacher told us that we had to do our duty.
(976). (a) Father said to me, “You must not go to such a place.” (b) Father told me (that) I must not go to such a place.
(977). (a) He said, “She must be rich.” (b) He said (that) she must be rich.
(978). (a) He said, “I do not know if the rumor is true.” (b) He said (that) he did not know if the rumor was true.
(979). (a) He said to me, “I could lend you the money, if I had any.” (b) He said to me (that) he could lend me the money, if he had any.
(980). (a) He said, “I could have gone abroad, if I had wished to.” (b) He said (that) he could have gone abroad, if he had wished to.
(981). (a) He said, “No.” (b) He answered in the negative.
(982). (a) I said to him, “What are you doing?” (b) I asked him what he was doing.
(983). (a) He said to me, “Which is the shortest way?” (b) He asked me which was the shortest way.
(984). (a) He said to me, “Where do you come from?” (b) He inquired of me where I came from.
(985). (a) He said to the boys, “Why did you laugh?” (b) He asked the boys why they had laughed.
(986). (a) When I met him at Jeju island, he said to me, “Have you ever been here before?” (b) When I met him at Jeju island, he asked me if I had ever been there before.
(987). (a) He said to me. “Do you know Mr. Smith?” (b) He asked me if (or whether) I knew Mr. Smith.
(988). (a) “Shall I never be able to read English?” he thought. (b) He wondered if he should ever be able to read English.
(989). (a) “Will you write a letter to him, or shall I?” Mary asked. (b) Mary asked whether I would write a letter to him or she should.
(990). (a) He said to me, “Come here.” (b) He told me to come to him.
(991). (a) He said, “Please be quiet, boys.” (b) He asked the boys to be quiet.
(992). (a) They said to me, “Let’s go!” (b) They proposed that I should go with them.
(993). (a) I said to the boys, “Don’t make such a noise.” (b) I ordered the boys not to make such a noise.
(994). (a) The doctor said to me, “Do not eat and drink too much.” (b) The doctor advised me not to eat and drink too much.
(995). (a) “Jack, if it rains,” said Betty, “do not expect me.” (b) Betty told Jack not to expect her if it rained.
(996). (a) The officer said, “Stay; do not leave your post.” (b) The officer commanded him (or them) to stay and not to leave his (or their) post.
(997). (a) He said, “Alas! How foolish I have been!” (b) He confessed with regret that he had been very foolish.
(998). (a) She said, “How happy I am!” (b) She cried with joy that she was very happy.
(999). (a) He said, “Thank, God! I’ve passed the entrance examination!” (b) He exclaimed with delight that he had passed the entrance examination.
(1000). (a) She said, “God bless my child!” (b) She prayed that God might bless her child.
(1001). (a) He said to me, “May you live to be a hundred!” (b) He exclaimed his wish that I might live to be a hundred.

11. Adverb Clause

(866). When we cross the road, we should always do so at the pedestrians’ crossing.
(867). When I was reading a newspaper, my father called me.
(868). A man is truly happy only when he is in good health.
(869). He helped me when he had a lot to do.
(870). Please be quiet while I am studying.
(871). Some people read the newspaper while watching television.
(872). The hare was quick, while (or whereas) the tortoise was slow.
(873). As I was coming here, I met your father.
(874). He trembled as he spoke.
(875). Just as he was speaking, there was an earthquake.
(876). As he grew older, he became more and more well-rounded.
(877). Things are often good or bad according as we look at them.
(878). It is a long time since I saw you last.
(879). I have been staying with my uncle ever since my father died.
(880). You must do your best before you can succeed.
(881). I had not waited long before he came.
(882). It will not be long before he comes back.
(883). He arrived after I did.
(884). After all (is said and done), it is certain that he is a fool.
(885). Until he returns, nothing can be done.
(886). Please keep wearing your belt until the plane comes to a complete stop.
(887). The ship went farther and farther, till it was last to sight.
(888). People do not know the value of health till they lose it.
(889). She married as soon as she graduated.
(890). I will never do it again as long as I live.
(891). He had no sooner heard the cry than he rushed into the room.
(892). He had scarcely gone a hundred meters when (or before) it began to rain.
(893). I had hardly spoken to him when (or before) he was gone.
(894). The instant (or The moment) he saw me, he turned on his heels.
(895). Get up directly the bell rings.
(896). Put the newspaper where it was.
(897). Where there is a will, there is a way.
(898). You may go wherever you like.
(899). As I was late, I made haste.
(900). As this work is difficult, I cannot do it in a week.
(901). As I had nothing to do, I read the newspaper over and over again.
(902). Now (that) he is old, he has become gentler.
(903). Once you determine to do a thing, do it or die.
(904). I did not go out, because it was raining.
(905). You need not be ashamed at all because you are poor.
(906). This is simply because you are a lazy boy.
(907). He is respected, not because he is rich, but because he is honest.
(908). I employed him, partly because I pitied him and partly because I was short of hands.
(909). Since ‘time is money’, let us not waste our precious time.
(910). It is the more dangerous, since unknown.
(911). Seeing (that) everybody speaks ill of him, he must be a very bad man.
(912). Considering he is still young, he must work hard.
(913). We struggle against nature in order that we may live.
(914). Explain it so that anyone may understand it.
(915). I lent him the book so that he might be interested in science.
(916). Be careful lest you should drop it.
(917). He fled lest he should be killed.
(918). She works so fast that no one in the office can keep up with her.
(919). The water was very shallow, so that there was no danger.
(920). He is such a wise man that everybody respects him.
(921). Th force of the explosion was such that all the windows were broken.
(922). Though he is rich, he is not happy.
(923). It is worth attempting even though we fail.
(924). Young as he is, he is a man of ability.
(925). Woman as she is, she is very brave.
(926). Brave as he was, he could not help weeping at the sight.
(927). Whether you like it or not, you must do it.
(928). Whether or not this picture is a genuine one it makes us happy.
(929). However hard you may try, you cannot do it.
(930). Whatever you may do, do it well.
(931). Whoever may come (or comes) today, I won’t see him.
(932). Whenever you may go (or Every time you go) to see him, you will find him at home.
(933). Wherever you may go, you will not find a better place than your home.
(934). Whichever way you (may) drive, you will come to the Kyung-Bu line.
(935). Do in Rome as the Romans do.
(936). Understand the situation as it is.
(937). It began to rain, as I had expected.
(938). As it is, I cannot lend you money.
(939). He is, as it were, a grown-up baby.
(940). As rust eats iron, so care eats the heart.
(941). Leaves are to the plant what lungs are to the animal.
(942). You are as clever as he (is).
(943). She is as wise as you are foolish.
(944). He is as poor as a church mouse.
(945). I have five times as many books as she does, but have not much time to read them.
(946). This book is not so easy as I expected.
(947). He is not so much an artist as an artisan.
(948). You were a better actor than he (was).
(949). He is three years older than I (am). (or He is older than I by three years.)
(950). “Which do you like better, summer or winter?” “I like summer far better (than winter).”
(951). The sea is deeper than the mountains are high.
(952). He is less fat than he was.
(953). In my opinion you are more diligent than any other student in this class.
(954). I am no more mad than you are. (or I am not any more mad than you are.)
(955). She is no less beautiful than her sister.
(956). The second work of the new writer is not less good than his maiden work.
(957). Why he committed suicide is more than I can understand.
(958). Nothing is harder to bear (or more trying) than poverty.
(959). No statesman that I know is greater than he is. (or I have never known a greater statesman than he.)
(960). The higher we ascend, the rarer the air becomes.
(961). I love him all the better because he has faults (or for his faults).
(962). You may stay here so long as you keep quiet.
(963). So far as I am concerned, I have no objection.
(964). It never rains but it pours.
(965). What is more, he has been awarded the grand prize (or grand prix). We can imagine how proud he is.

10. Adjective Clause

(796). Please tell me the name of the boy who came here yesterday.
(797). He is a man who will never give in.
(798). He who is born foolish is never cured.
(799). Heaven helps those who help themselves.
(800). He had three daughters, who all married doctors.
(801). That man, who is poor, is honest.
(802). That fellow, who is rich, can afford to buy an automobile.
(803). There is always someone (who) gives me trouble.
(804). No one can be free who is in debt.
(805). There is no man who does not love his country.
(806). A woman whose husband is dead is called a widow.
(807). The plane, whose wings were broken, fell to the ground.
(808). The man whose house we have just passed is a famous pianist.
(809). You should not easily trust a man of whose past you know nothing.
(810). This is the tree in whose shade we would often sit.
(811). He is the author with the help of whose book I have made much progress in English.
(812). I shall call on you tomorrow with my friend (whom) I spoke to you of the other day.
(813). The young man (whom or who) I hear is the engineer’s son is very clever.
(814). This is the book which pleased (or interested) him very much.
(815). His family which consists of eleven people is a merry one.
(816). That which Don Quixote took for a giant was really a big windmill.
(817). Have you found the knife (which) you lost yesterday?
(818). This is the house in which I live.
(819). Is this the lady of whom you spoke the other day?
(820). We must not forget the circumstances in which we are placed.
(821). That mountain, the top of which we see, is Mt. Everest.
(822). My library consists chiefly of novels, most of which are written in French.
(823). He said he was ill, which was a lie.
(824). He is a scientist, which I should like to be.
(825). I was in Seoul for ten years, during which (time) I did nothing particular.
(826). He was elected chairman, which post he filled with success.
(827). I went by bus as far as the town, at which place (or where) my brother met me.
(828). Shakespeare is the greatest poet (that) England has ever produced.
(829). Lincoln was one of the greatest men that ever lived.
(830). This is the best picture (that) I have ever seen.
(831). Man is the only animal that speaks.
(832). This is the same bag that I lost in the bus the other day.
(833). He took the same train that I did.
(834). This is the very thing (that) I have wanted for a long time.
(835). Reading is the first thing (that) he cares for.
(836). She is the last girl that ever would do such a thing.
(837). All things are difficult that are done reluctantly.
(838). All is not always gold that glitters.
(839). Anyone that knows anything knows this.
(840). What he says contains little that is new, but much that is old.
(841). Nothing should be done in a hurry that can be done slowly.
(842). Behave like the woman (that) you are.
(843). Like the brave man (that) he was, he did not shed tears.
(844). We are looking forward to the day (that=when) the diplomatic relations between Communist China and Korea will be restored.
(845). That old house is the house (that) John was born in.
(846). That was the last time (that=when) I saw him.
(847). He uses the same camera as I do.
(848). Such men as praise you to your face are apt to speak ill of you behind your back.
(849). He is not such a fool as he looks.
(850). You should read as many books as you can while you are young.
(851). He could not make so much profit from the enterprise as people thought.
(852). There was no man who did not admire (or but admired) him.
(853). There are few men but would risk all for such a prize.
(854). You had better not tell him more than (it) is necessary (to tell).
(855). There were fewer applicants than might have been expected.
(856). The 6th of August was the day when the atomic bomb was dropped upon Hiroshima in Japan.
(857). As my son is dead, there are times when I feel lonely.
(858). It is impossible for us to imagine (or conceive) a time when electricity was unknown.
(859). I was about to reply, when he cut in.
(860). This is the place where the war broke out.
(861). This is (a point on which) where we disagree.
(862). I went to the library, where (= and there) I found him.
(863). That is (the reason) why I did not come.
(864). This is the way (how) I left off smoking.
(865). I’ll tell you (the story of) how I got out of the danger.

9. Noun Clause

(706). That he is a man of fortune is admitted by everybody.
(707). That such a good man of all people should die!
(708). Whether our foreign trade is favorable or not has an important bearing upon the economy of our country.
(709). Whether I succeed of fail does not worry me at all.
(710). How he got acquainted with the editor is a secret.
(711). How we should read books is as important as what books we should read.
(712). Who said it is not known.
(713). What the old man said was a mystery to me.
(714). Which of their two daughters he wished to marry was more than they could fancy.
(715). What he said must be true.
(716). Whoever says so is a liar.
(717). Whatever I have is yours.
(718). It was this book that I bought yesterday.
(719). It was at London that I was in an air-raid.
(720). It was not I but he that was awarded the first prize.
(721). It was not till quite recently that airplanes have come to be regarded as a safe means of communication.
(722). It is not because he is a clever student but because he is a man of character that people respect him.
(723). Was it Miss Oh that came to see me during my absence yesterday?
(724). It is I that am to blame.
(725). It was only yesterday that the parcel arrived.
(726). Who was it that you spoke about the other day?
(727). When was it that the concert was held?
(728). Because a man is a good scholar, it does not necessarily follow that he will make a good teacher.
(729). It is true that yours is a good idea, but I am afraid it will be hard to put into practice.
(730). It seems certain that he is in Paris.
(731). It so happened that the railway service was suspended owing to a heavy snowfall.
(732). It is necessary that we should send for the doctor at once.
(733). It is proper that we should pay what we owe.
(734). It is natural that he should live long.
(735). It is strange that accidents have happened one after another to the Seoul-Pusan main line.
(736). It is no wonder that he should have succeeded.
(737). It is surprising that prices should be rising like this.
(738). How surprising it is that such a strong man as he should have dies!
(739). It is a pity that you have missed such a golden opportunity.
(740). It is regrettable that many promising young people die of tuberculosis every year.
(741). It is anyhow a matter for rejoicing that the Olympic games came off successfully.
(742). If I find fault, it is that I want you to improve.
(743). He must be a very good student that every teacher should praises him.
(744). What have I done that you should resort to violence?
(745). It does not matter whether you agree or not (or whether or not you agree).
(746). It is wonderful how quickly he learned to drive a car.
(747). It is not yet certain who did it.
(748). It is not known to the students why the professor had to resign (his post).
(749). The trouble is that I cannot afford to buy it.
(750). The question is that there is no doctor in this village.
(751). The fact that the driver was drunk is evident.
(752). The idea that she might be a spy did not occur to the officer.
(753). There remains the question why he killed himself.
(754). He has no idea how he should deal with the situation.
(755). There is some fear lest he should fall.
(756). The problem is when and how we should carry it out.
(757). Today, he is not what he was ten years ago, but a great scholar of established reputation now.
(758). They are what people call (or what is called) the witches of the East.
(759). I thought (that) it would rain.
(760). I wish I were a millionaire.
(761). Calileo maintained that the earth moves.
(762). People used to believe that the earth was flat.
(763). I am (so) sorry I have kept you waiting so long.
(764). I am not certain whether I shall be able to go to the United States.
(765). We must consider whether it will be worth while.
(766). Please ask him if he can attend the meeting.
(767). I can’t help wondering if we were right in doing so.
(768). Do you know what Mr. Kim teachers?
(769). Do you know what has become of him?
(770). He is anxious to hear what you have to say.
(771). Never put off till tomorrow what you can do (or what can be done) today.
(772). What you have done, you have done. (or What has been done, has been done.)
(773). The hello-girl saves what she earns.
(774). He gave what money he had with him to the flower girl.
(775). The stall keeper stopped whomever he saw.
(776). Here are a television set and a high-class camera. You may choose whichever you like.
(777). Nobody knows where he lives.
(778). As soon as you reach Pusan, please let me know by wire when you will leave for Mokpo.
(779). I can’t tell you how glad I was.
(780). This story shows how strong is the regard of an Englishman for the rights of others.
(781). I think it a great pity that he should have died so young.
(782). I think it highly probable that he will go bankrupt.
(783). I took it for granted that you knew the fact.
(784). According to him, the beggar and the university professor are one in that they are both free from care.
(785). A man’s value lies not so much in what he has as in what he is.
(786). I am not unwilling to buy you a camera, but it depends on how much it is.
(787). I can think of nothing except (or save) that you are ruining yourself.
(788). There is some doubt as to whether the document is genuine or not.
(789). Are you aware of how wide a place the entrance examination fills in your thoughts?
(790). He laughed at what I proposed on that occasion.
(791). From what I hear, she looks very clever.
(792). I have two copies of the same book, so I will give one to whoever wants it.
(793). You can reach Rome by whichever way you take.
(794). You may dance with whomever you like.
(795). I walked to where A sat.

8. Gerund

(606). Doing nothing is doing ill.
(607). Saying and doing are two different things.
(608). Reading is a good hobby.
(609). Eating quickly leads to indigestion.
(610). A loud knocking at the door was heard.
(611). Hating one’s neighbor is forbidden is the Gospel.
(612). Being a bachelor is a lot of fun.
(613). His being an idiot causes much sorrow to his parents.
(614). Both of them giving the same statements does not necessarily prove that they are telling the truth.
(615). His having done his duty was a great consolation to him.
(616). Being thrown overboard is the best way to learn how to swim.
(617). It is no use crying over spilt milk.
(618). It is strange his not wanting to see his parents.
(619). It is great fun sliding downhill in a sleigh.
(620). It is very strange his going away without a word.
(621). You must find it rather dull living alone in this house.
(622). There is no denying the fact.
(623). There is no accounting for the mystery of the universe.
(624). There is no telling what may happen.
(625). That is throwing money away.
(626). That will be giving you so much trouble.
(627). That misfortune was the making of him.
(628). I might have had this book for the asking.
(629). I don’t like reading.
(630). He began running as soon as he heard the bell.
(631). I have just finished reading ‘Gone with the Wind.’
(632). I don’t like you talking like that.
(633). I was not aware of his being so unpopular among (of with) his colleagues.
(634). Somehow she avoided seeing me.
(635). She suddenly stopped crying and sat up.
(636). I tried praying but that did not ease my mind.
(637). Do you mind opening the door?
(638). Do you mind working another hour?
(639). I hate looking like a fool.
(640). I remember seeing her somewhere before.
(641). I don’t like being pitied.
(642). I intend seeing the king.
(643). Your shoes want mending.
(644). The pains are past bearing.
(645). He denies having stolen the watch.
(646). I repent (of) having been idle.
(647). I cannot fancy his doing such a thing.
(648). Fancy being confined in a horrible dungeon!
(649). We cannot help sympathizing with the sufferers.
(650). They burst out laughing.
(651). He left off drinking once for all.
(652). She kept on chattering.
(653). Honestly, I felt like crying then.
(654). The poor boy came near being drowned.
(655). It look like clearing (up).
(656). She has the appearance of being rich.
(657). There is no reason for staying here any longer.
(658). I congratulate you on passing the examination.
(659). He left the room without greeting anybody.
(660). You can’t live without eating.
(661). I never see this album without recollecting my happy school life.
(662). I will give you an answer after consulting my father.
(663). He is above telling a lie.
(664). A toothbrush is used for cleaning our teeth.
(665). I was wrong in allowing my son to go climbing.
(666). We made a mistake in choosing him.
(667). He insists on paying.
(668). He persists in denying knowledge of it.
(669). I am fond of traveling alone.
(670). I am tired of looking for a job.
(671). If you want to be a good speaker of English, do not be afraid of making mistakes.
(672). I could not refrain from weeping.
(673). He makes a point of attending such a meeting as often as he can.
(674). When I got to the station, the train was on the point of starting.
(675). She was caught in the act of stealing.
(676). Thus, political parties came into being in Korea.
(677). Is the child capable of being taught I wonder?
(678). Wash your hands before eating!
(679). On receiving the telegram, he turned pale.
(680). I persuaded him into doing it.
(681). They dissuaded him from going.
(682). I am far from saying that.
(683). Minors are prohibited from smoking by law.
(684). My teacher praised him for studying his lessons hard.
(685). My mother scolded me for being untidy.
(686). She thanked me for helping her.
(687). The rain prevented me from going out.
(688). It goes without saying that healthy men are happier than sick men.
(689). How about getting up?
(690). I am ashamed of doing such a thing.
(691). He was accused of taking bribes.
(692). This is a picture of his own painting.
(693). He is proud of his father being a minister.
(694). I am sure of his passing the examination.
(695). What is the use of us talking about that?
(696). There is no hope of good coming from that.
(697). There is no danger of the ceiling falling.
(698). I am not surprised at both the young and old falling in love with her.
(699). What is worth doing at all is worth doing well.
(700). He was busy packing.
(701). Listening to good music is like dreaming of heaven.
(702). There is nothing like having children of your own. They make your life worth living.
(703). My grandfather went to Germany at the age of twenty with the object of studying medical science.
(704). He bought a toy with a view to pleasing his child.
(705). I went there in the hope of meeting some friends.